Exploring with groups of children you often find more evidence of wildlife than you actually see wildlife.  They see us, hear us, smell us – all long before we make much distance into the forest.  You might think of our presence as creating outward concentric rings alerting the animals to potential danger.  The birds sound the alarm call, the squirrels scatter, the frogs plop down below the surface of the pond. Because of this we often act as wildlife detectives and focus on their evidence including the tracks animals leave behind.  You can capture the individual tracks in detail using Plaster of Paris.

Making Animal Tracks using Plaster of Paris

Step 1. Find Animal Tracks.  You may choose to place a collar sleeve around the track to hold the plaster although it is not necessary.

Plaster Track Ingredients

Plaster Track Ingredients

Find Animal Tracks

Find Animal Tracks

Step 1. Plaster Raccoon Track

Step 1. Sleeve Placed Around Raccoon Track

Step 2. Add a little water to the plaster and knead it in a bag until wet and mushy. Cut the corners of the bag and squeeze it into the track.  It will begin to harden as soon as it is wet so do not hesitate or you will have a bag of hardened plaster. I like to give each child their own bag once I have clearly demonstrated the process.

Step 2. Plaster Raccoon Track

Step 2. Plaster  Poured Into Raccoon Track

Step 3. Return in thirty minutes and carefully remove the plaster from the ground.  Wash the plaster clean to unveil the track.

Step 3: Raccoon Track Taken Out Of Bottle Sleeve

Passaic River Raccoon Tracks in Plaster

Passaic River Raccoon Tracks in Plaster

Group Plaster Tracks Ready for Pick-up

David Alexander is author of the Buzz Into Action & Hop Into Action Science Curricula.  He specializes in making nature accessible to people and wildlife.  You can follow him at www.natureintoaction.com

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